Is Python Object-Oriented, and Why?

Is Python Object-Oriented, and Why?

Whether Python is an object-oriented programming language or not has always been a point of contention among programmers. Today, we’re attempting to come up with an appropriate response to this issue.

But, before we can reach a final judgment on Python’s programming language, we must first define an OOP language. Then We will learn later if Python is object-oriented or not, and if so, why Python is object-oriented.

What is object-oriented programming (OOP)?

Is Python Object-Oriented, and Why?

Object-Oriented Programming (OOP) is a programming language in which programmers/developers determine the kinds of data types, data structures, and functions that may be applied to those data structures.

As a result, data structures are transformed into “objects” that include both data and functions. Programs in the OOP language are organized and developed around objects rather than logic and functions. This is in contrast to the traditional programming technique, which concentrated on the syntax of the logic rather than the data it contained.

An object is a self-contained entity that contains both data and the operations necessary to manipulate it. In layman’s terms, it’s a data field with distinct properties and behavior. As a result, the OOP model interacts with and invokes the attributes of various objects. With our data science programs, you can learn more about Python.

What is Class?

A class is an object’s blueprint or structure that defines the properties and methods that hold the data’s real functionality. Members refer to these properties and techniques. While declaring the members, you can access them using the defined access modifiers.

What is an Object?

A real-world instrument is referred to as an object. Pen, computer, car, dog, table, and so forth.
A class is used to define an object.

What are Attributes?

It depicts the object’s current status. For example, if a vehicle is an object, its properties will include its weight and color.

What is Method?

Methods are just functions. These are set up within the class. It depicts the object’s behavior.

To reuse code, methods are utilized.

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Class, Object, Attributes, and Methods Relationship

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Features of object-oriented programming (OOP)

Inheritance

Inheritance refers to the relationships and subclasses that exist between multiple objects, allowing the programmer to reuse and reuse similar logic while yet maintaining a distinct hierarchy. By decreasing code repetition, the data is cleansed, processed, and displayed, allowing for more complete and accurate data analysis.

Abstraction

Abstraction is the process of masking the implementation of functions and exposing just the interfaces or access methods necessary to call the implementing class’s methods. To put it another way objects only give away functionality that is useful to the use of other things.

Example– Mobile is an excellent example of abstraction. By pressing a few buttons on your phone, you can make a call and converse. What components were employed in the mobile, and how did you obtain the call for that? There’s no need to know

Abstraction is the technique of concealing these internal details from the user.

Polymorphism

Polymorphism, as the name indicates, is the process through which objects may take on several forms depending on the conditions.

It establishes the usage or meaning for each execution of that object, removing the need for duplication of code. Method overloading and method overriding are the two types of polymorphism.

Encapsulation

Encapsulation is a notion in object-oriented programming. The characteristics and methods of an object are saved in a specified class. They have no right to be bothered by other items. Only public techniques are available to him.

The application is more secure because of this data masking function.

Now that we’ve reviewed the fundamentals of OOP (object-oriented programming), we can turn our attention to the question at hand:

Is Python Object Oriented?

Yes,Python is a high-level programming language developed for general-purpose programming, hence it supports both Object Oriented and Procedural Programming.

Python is a multi-paradigm language that supports a wide range of programming approaches, including object-oriented and functional programming. It is not totally object-oriented, however, because the programmer is not required to write every line in an OOP style. Simple functions can be used instead of methods (class member functions). Because it does not support basic types, Python is superior to other “object-oriented” programming languages.

class Test: 
    def fun(self): 
        print('Function inside class. So, I am a method now') 
         
def fun(): 
    print('Function without class') 
 
fun() 
Test().fun() 
 
#Output 
Function without class 
Function inside class. So, I am a method now 

It also qualifies as a functional programming language since it has features like iterators, generators, and comprehensions, as well as lambda functions and specific modules like functools and itertools.

anonymous_func = lambda x: x * 3 + 2 
 
input_list = (i for i in range(1, 4)) #Generator expression 
 
for num in input_list: 
    print('Num: {} Anonymous value: {}'.format(num, anonymous_func(num))) 
 
#Output 
Num: 1 Anonymous value: 5 
Num: 2 Anonymous value: 8 
Num: 3 Anonymous value: 11 

OOP languages include Java, Objective C, C++, Ruby, Smalltalk, Visual Basic.NET, Simula, and JavaScript. Python, like every other OOP language, makes use of OOP foundations.

Why is Python an Object-Oriented Language?

Because Python is a multi-paradigm language that supports a wide range of programming approaches, including object-oriented and functional programming. The object-oriented programming paradigm is followed by Python. With the exception of the ability to utilize the private keyword with variables in classes, Python contains classes, inheritance, and all of the normal OOPs ideas.

Conclusion

We discussed aboutPython is Object-oriented or not in today’s article. You know about What is Object-oriented?Features of object-oriented programming (OOP).

If you enjoyed this article, please share it with your friends so they can learn about Python.

If you have any other questions or concerns about this, please ask them in the comments section. I’ll answer your all questions, and you may reach out to us for more details.

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